Open-cast mining in the lignite districts of central and eastern Germany has affected huge areas of land, leaving behind entirely new landscapes characterised by their unique yet typical forms, in some cases bizarre and striking surfaces, and the absence of human activity.
The Leipzig Bay (German: Leipziger Tieflandsbucht) or Leipzig Basin or Saxon Lowland or Saxon Bay is a relatively lakeless and highly fertile landscape in Central Germany, in northwestern Saxony and southeastern Saxony-Anhalt.
Opencast mining, also known as surface mining or strip mining, has disadvantages that include disturbance of the environment and local ecosystems, exposure of radioactive elements and contamination of freshwater sources.
Zdeněk Neustupa: An information system for managing the reclamation of a landscape degraded by opencast mining • conceptual – governmental decisions, decisions of the mine company; • technical – the obeying of provisions of the Mining Act, the elaboration of alternatives and selection of
On the basis of practical and theoretical work and examples, old and new possibilities for opencast mining and post-mining landscapes are presented, improved and further developed.
Augering can be regarded as a supplementary method for open cast mining in cases when coal seams in the highwall would otherwise remain unmined (unless ... and more visible impacts on the surrounding landscapes than underground mines, ... Surface Mining Methods and Equipment - …
Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground. Coal is valued for its energy content, and, since the 1880s, has been widely used to generate electricity. Steel and cement industries use coal as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production. In the United Kingdom and South Africa, a coal mine and its structures are a colliery, a coal mine a pit, and the ...
Greening Camps and Research Projects for Surface Mining Deserts – Concept and Study for Opencast Mine and Post-Mining Landscapes. Excerpt of the business plan and master plan 2 in german language: Greening and Research Camps for Surface Mining Deserts: Concept and Study on Sustainable Greening Methods, Greenhouse Management, Forestry, Agriculture and Culture Industry for Surface Mining …
Opencast mining in Germany and Lusatia—basic facts. Germany is by far the leading lignite-producing country worldwide, producing 185 Mio tons in 2012 (Bundesanstalt für Geologie und Rohstoffe 2013, p. 84), followed by China (145 Mio t) and Russia (78 Mio t).Lignite is the only fossil energy feedstock exploited in Germany in significant amounts.
Oct 15, 2018· Reclamation of Degraded Landscapes due to Opencast Mining Dec 14, 2007 damaging effects of opencast mining and restore the landscape and its .. these factors are often unpredictable and can be grouped in four.
We call for greening campaigns and research camps for opencast mine and former mining landscapes. Innovative ideas and potentials for sustainable greening and research projects for post-mining landscapes and opencast mining (opencast mining) are briefly summarized.
Opencast coal-mining is a controversial and, directly or indirectly, an environmentally damaging land-use choice that is now suspended in several countries including Wales.
In this article we use a case study of opencast coal mining in the southern valleys of Wales to explore the ordinary and everyday spatialities of environmental injustice. Responding to recent geographical critiques of environmental justice research and engaging with post-colonial studies of landscape and environment, we provide an account of environmental injustice that emphasises competing ...
In opencast mining operations there are vibrations, dust, noise and other influences. Especially when the weather is dry and windy there is sometimes unavoidable dust in the air from the mine. When large-scale equipment is in operation, conveyor belts or trains are running, noise is created.
Opencast mines and quarries scar the landscape for years at a time, often in areas of prime agricultural land. Some mines have been well restored and are now thriving habitats, but even these cannot bring back the original landscape and wildlife.
Dec 08, 2014· Open cast mining is stepping up its output to meet the shortage of coal. Just as important to the nation are the restoration of sites and the landscaping of large tracts of the countryside.
Download opencast mining stock photos. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. Thousands of images added daily.
debated regarding conservation strategies for postindustrial landscapes. Mining areas consist- ... dustrial areas such as opencast mining sites. In particular, early successional sites and shrublands create refuges for early successional specialists disappearing from the common
Even though it is regarded as a crucial economic activity worldwide, mining has a significant negative impact on environment. Due to its nature, especially opencast mining inevitably leads to serious degradation on ecological and aesthetic values of the landscape.
The greening and research camp with a greenhouse, office and laboratory containers or tents for the research and development of greening and irrigation methods is the primary objective for opencast mine or post-mining landscapes.
UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS BIODIVERSITY: STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION – Vol. II - Alternative Restoration Strategies in Former Lignite Mining Areas of Eastern Germany - S. Tischew, A. Kirmer, A. Lorenz ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) Seeding is most common in recultivation.
The post-mining landscape Recultivation in the Rhineland 1276_B_Rekultivierung_E 17.05.2005 8:50 Uhr Seite III. RWE Power 2 ... Opencast mining and cultivated landscapes The opencast lignite mines are located in a what has always been a heavily used cultivated land-scape. It …
There are different phases of a mining project, beginning with mineral ore exploration and ending with the post-closure period. What follows are the typical phases of a proposed mining project. Each phase of mining is associated with different sets of environmental impacts.
Reclamation and Regeneration of Landscapes after Brown Coal Opencast Mining 5 In the east, the Lusatian mining district (about 60 x 60 km) was dominated by opencast mines, while in the western GDR, the central German lignite-mining
This paper is a landscape study conducted in the post-mining area of Nieslusz-Goslawice. The diagnostic research included qualitative-quantitative features of the landscape (types of patches of ...
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Reclamation of Degraded Landscapes due to Opencast Mining 825 Water resources and the quality of air are seriously modified by surface mining operations.
By contrast with the opencast mining areas, the underground mining areas could interfere far less with the landscape and be mitigated if appropriate processes were put in place to reduce vibration, and ensure necessary ventilation and escape routes as well as roof support.